Treatment Information

PARP Inhibitors and Prostate Cancer- Keeping Cancer Cells From Repairing Themselves

Drugs targeting poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) are helping patients battle back more effectively against cancer. An enzyme, PARP helps repair damaged DNA in cells, and while that’s a good thing in healthy people, it can be bad news for cancer patients. To prevent PARP from repairing DNA breaks in cancer cells, AstraZeneca developed Lynparza, a PARP inhibitor (PARPi) more »

Zytiga (Abiraterone) Plus Prednisone Approved for Treatment of Earlier Form of Metastatic Prostate Cancer

On February 8th, the Janssen Pharmaceutical Companies of Johnson & Johnson announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a new indication for Zytiga® (abiraterone acetate) in combination with prednisone for the treatment of patients with metastatic high-risk hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (HSPC). The approval is based on Phase 3 data from the pivotal more »

Apalutamide (ARN-509) Approved to Treat Non-Metastatic, Hormone-Resistant Prostate Cancer

On Feb. 14th, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved apalutamide (Erleada®, previously  called ARN-509) for the treatment of non-metastatic, castration (hormone)-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Apalutamide could be administered in a clinical setting wherein men who are being treated with androgen (hormone) deprivation therapy (ADT) see their PSA levels begin to rise, but no metastases more »

A Phase 3 Trial Shows that Xtandi Reduces the Risk of Metastasis in Hormone-Resistant Prostate Cancer

According to results just recently presented at the February 2018 Genitourinary Cancers Symposium in San Francisco, treatment with Xtandi® (enzalutamide) reduced the risk of metastasis or death in hormone-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) patients whose cancer has not yet spread beyond the prostate, Pfizer and Japan-based Astellas Pharma recently announced. The Phase 3 PROSPER clinical trial more »

Positive Early-Stage Study Results of ProstaVax, Another Prostate Cancer Vaccine.

OncBioMune’s investigational cancer vaccine ProscaVax reduced tumor growth in 70% of prostate cancer patients included in a Phase 1a study. The immunotherapy candidate consists of a combination of the PSA protein (a hallmark of prostate cancer) with the cytokines — molecules produced by immune cells — interleukin-2 (IL-2) and granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). The clinical trial (NCT02058680)  is evaluating the safety more »

Enzalutamide (Xtandi) Delays Metastasis in Hormone-Resistant Prostate Cancer

Adding Xtandi® (enzalutamide) to hormone therapy reduces the risk of cancer spreading in patients with non-metastatic, hormone-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC), new Phase 3 trial data shows. Additional results were announced by Pfizer and Astellas Pharma, the drug developers. “Many prostate cancer patients who initiate hormone therapy will experience disease progression illustrated by a rising PSA level, and currently, more »

Apalutamide (ARN-509), a Potential New Therapy for Non-Metastatic Hormone-Resistant Prostate Cancer.

Janssen-Biotech has submitted a new drug application to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for apalutamide (ARN-509) to treat non-metastatic hormone-resistant prostate cancer. Apalutamide is an oral androgen receptor inhibitor that blocks the action of testosterone in prostate cancer cells. (Whether ARN-509 differs in its mechanism of action from enzalutamide [Xtandi] is not known to this more »

Am I On the Right Track? Encouraging Good News on Nivolumab (Opdivo)

In December 2016, when I first embarked on my latest course of prostate cancer treatments, it seemed logical to me to treat the cancer first by stimulating my immune system; therefore, Provenge® (sipuleucel-T) was my first choice. That course of three treatments were administered quite readily. Immediately after receiving Provenge®, I was unexpectedly made aware more »

Bad News and Then Good News Next.

For men with metastatic, hormone-resistant prostate cancer, treatment with Taxotere (docetaxel) and prednisone has been shown to  improve survival. But few treatment strategies are available if this first-line therapy fails. Second-line therapy of anti-cancer agent Jevtana with the steroid medicine prednisone is currently used, with favorable data reported in 2010. However, new options are still more »

Low-Dose Brachytherapy: a Viable Choice for Lower-Risk Patients

Patients with low-to-intermediate prostate cancer who receive low-dose permanent brachytherapy, a type of radiation therapy, have excellent outcomes in the long run, according to data recently presented at the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) 2017 Annual Conference. At nine years of follow-up, only a minority — 11-14 percent — of patients treated with either more »

Encouraging Immunotherapy Cancer Collaborations Between Government (NIH) and Eleven Pharmaceutical Companies.

As described in recent website blogs, utilizing one’s immune system to combat cancer (immunotherapy) is at the cutting edge of prostate cancer research and cancer research in general. I am personally familiar with an on-going National Cancer Institute (NCI) clinical trial combining the prostate cancer vaccine Prostvac and the checkpoint inhibitor antibody Opdivo® (nivolumab), currently more »

The Phase 3 Study of the Prostate Cancer Vaccine Prostvac Has Been Discontinued

An independent Data Monitoring Committee (DMC) recommended that the Phase 3 PROSPECT study of Prostvac in men with metastatic hormone-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) should be discontinued due to inadequate results. Prostvac did not improve overall survival. The PROSPECT trial (NCT01322490) was a randomized, double-blind, and placebo-controlled Phase 3 trial that included 1,298 mCRPC patients from 200 sites more »

Additional Studies of Opdivo (nivolumab) in Combination with Rubraca in Prostate Cancer and Other Applications of Opdivo.

Editorial note: I am writing some of this post while awaiting Hurricane Irma to pass my home directly in about 1-2 hours. Opdivo® (nivolumab) and the prostate cancer vaccine Prostvac are being combined in a National Cancer Institute clinical trial described in posts on this website dated May 15th and August 7th, 2017. Bristol Myers more »

Common Hormonal Treatment for Early Prostate Cancer May Pose Cardiac Risk

I have been on a vacation but am now resuming publishing pertinent posts. As has been written before, several potential side effects accompany hormonal therapy for prostate cancer. A MedlinePlus e mail received today from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) National Library of Medicine discussed the potential heart risk posed by early hormone suppression more »

Removal of Ipilimumab (Yervoy) in Proposed NCI Clinical Trial Due to Toxicity.

On May 15th, this website posted information about a Phase 1-2 clinical trial sponsored by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). The proposed therapeutic regimen initially consisted of the NCI vaccine Prostvac, and two antibodies, ipilimumab (Yervoy®) and nivolumab (Opdivo®). However, toxic events recently surfaced in the use of more »

If You Are Taking Taxotere for Prostate Cancer, This Blog on Minimizing Hair Loss May Be of Interest.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has cleared a cooling cap—a device designed to reduce hair loss during chemotherapy—for use by patients with any kind of solid tumor. FDA initially cleared the device, the DigniCap® Scalp Cooling System, for patients with breast cancer in 2015. The expanded clearance of DigniCap is for “reducing the frequency more »